UPDATE May 27, 2024. Bookmark this page for Reiwa 6 / 2024 / Labour Law & Social Welfare Updates.

The frequency and volume of information updates published by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) is substantial, and typically a burden on businesses to keep up to date. Stay on top of 2024 Employer – Worker labor laws and guidelines by bookmarking this page to see the updates, and then clicking through to the Verse articles and MHLW source materials for greater detail. Bookmark this page for 2024 Labour & Social Welfare Updates.

Notes about Verse and our Articles.

  • As Japanese Sharoushi (Certified Japanese Labor and Social Security Attorney), Verse Corporation endeavors to prioritize and accurately summarize recent government introductions and updates to labor law and Social Welfare Guidelines. However, we do not accept any responsibility for inaccuracies in our materials, nor for any consequences of readers relying on our materials.  
  • *Verse Corporation publishes articles on timely issues in Japanese Social Welfare and Labour Law.Japanese payroll, source deductions, and all labor law work & pay rules regarding compensation, social insurance, absenteeism & sick leave, etc. require strict adherence. Labor/employment law can be complex, even for Japanese companies, and must be handled mostly in Japanese. As with all social welfare and labor law matters in Japan, please seek out professional Sharoushi (Certified Labor and Social Security Attorney.)* 
  • The bulk of the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) announcements are in Japanese.  There are some general materials on the English site, however it tends to 
  • reflect only basic information.  Please always seek out a local Japanese Sharoushi for an accurate interpretation of these complex rules and laws.
  • In our External Resources you will find links to a select number of trusted Japanese and global resources addressing Japanese labor law, workplace Employer responsibilities and trends, etc.

New MHLW Announcements To Date.  Since April 1, 2024 (Reiwa 6)

—————————————————————————————

MAY 2024

—————————————————————————————

May 24, 2024

A notice on the revised Employment Insurance Act has been issued.

For details, please visit this link on the MHLW website

SUMMARY

The MHLW identifies the follow as key points:

  • Review of benefit restrictions for those who leave their jobs for personal reasons
  • Review of employment promotion allowance
  • Increasing the benefit rate of education and training benefits, etc
  • Expanding the scope of those covered by employment insurance
  • Establishment of Education and Training Leave Benefit 

—————————-

May 8

Revised ministerial ordinances and notices on measures by businesses to prevent disasters by individual businesses related to hazardous work have been issued.

For details please visit these links on the MHLW website.

Amendments to the Occupational Safety and Health Regulations

Enforcement of ministerial ordinances

The MHLW references the “Study Group Report on the state of safety and health measures for individual business owners” in October last year, regarding measures by businesses to prevent disasters such as individual businesses related to hazardous and harmful work. Amendments to those that deal with the dangers caused by the place where the work is carried out are included, and measures such as “knowing the protective equipment necessary for work” and “knowledge of the work method” are based on the disaster situation by individual businesses, etc. It is said that the ministerial ordinance will be revised after scrutinizing the necessity.

—————————-

May 1, 2024

Fixed tax reduction for Sole Proprietors and Salary Earners  (related to scheduled tax payment and tax return) was announced on the national tax agency’s fixed-rate tax reduction special website.

A. For Sole Proprietors

For details, please visit the National tax Authority (NTA) website.

SUMMARY

This is a summary of the matters related to fixed tax reductions implemented for income tax for sole proprietors, etc. in 2020, as a Q&A related to planned tax payment and tax return.

The planned tax payment amount for sole proprietors, etc. is calculated based on the scheduled tax payment standard amount, and the planned tax payment standard amount for 2020 is calculated as there is no fixed tax reduction, so in principle, the declared tax payment amount for 2020 (income tax amount) and the same amount as the reconstruction special income tax amount). And if the scheduled tax payment standard amount is 150,000 yen or more, it will be subject to the scheduled tax payment, and the amount equivalent to the fixed tax reduction (30,000 yen) for the person will be deducted from the planned tax payment for 2020 notified after June 2020.

Spouses or dependents of the same life (both are limited to residents. For the amount equivalent to the fixed amount of tax reduction related to “same life spouse, etc.” below, you can apply for deduction by applying for the reduction of the planned tax payment amount, and even if you deduct it from the planned tax payment amount for the first period, you can not be deducted. The amount will be deducted from the planned tax payment for the second term.

B. For Salary Earners 

For details please visit the NTA site here

SUMMARY

About the fixed tax reduction of income tax for 2024

  • Those who can receive a fixed tax reduction
  • Fixed amount of tax reduction
  • Implementation method
  • Explanation of information and terms related to income tax (see the link from the two-dimensional code)
  • Individual residence? Information on tax (see the link from the two-dimensional code)

Information on benefits, etc. (refer to the link from the two-dimensional code)

Filing flow for fixed tax reduction of income tax for 2024

  • STEP1 Confirmation of the target of fixed tax reduction and fixed tax reduction
  • STEP2 Confirmation of necessary procedures
  • How to write a declaration form for dependent deduction, etc. (see the link from the two-dimensional code)
  • How to write a declaration form for fixed tax reduction related to withholding tax (see the link from the two-dimensional code)

—————————————————————————————

APRIL 2024

—————————————————————————————

April 27, 2024

The “Examination of the way of spouse allowance for companies” site has been updated.

SUMMARY 

The key updated areas of the site include the following:

  • Leaflet “Please consider the way of “spouse allowance” based on the actual situation of the company – to promote the success of women
  • Practical materials edition “To consider the way of “spouse allowance” – Matters to be considered regarding the consideration of the status of spouse allowance 
  • Labor-management negotiations, etc.

For details, please visit the MHLW site

https://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/seisakunitsuite/bunya/haigusha.html

—————-

April 25, 2024

The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare renewed the social insurance coverage expansion site.

For details please see this link to the MHLW website

SUMMARY 

The key updated areas of the site include the following:

  • A guide for human resources and labor managers “At such a time of expanding social insurance coverage! What are you going to do?”
  • Explanatory video of guidance for human resources and labor managers “In-house awareness guidance with the expansion of social insurance coverage
  • Flyer for employees “Benefits of joining social insurance” (A4 size 2 pages)
  • Flyer for employees “3 steps to think about social insurance enrollment
  • Flyer for employees “QA collection on social insurance enrollment”

For details please see this link to the MHLW website

https://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/tekiyoukakudai_00002.html

——————

April 19, 202

The MHLW announced that The technical intern training system operation guidelines have been revised. There are also revisions to the reference form “Employment Contract and Employment Conditions (Reference Form No. 1-14)” etc.

For details please visit this link

SUMMARY

The main areas of update include the following:

  • Chapter 4, Section 2, 3 (2) Related to the standards of the work to be engaged – ie. Overwork
  • Chapter 4, Section 2, 10 (2) Things related to securing accommodation facilities
  • Chapter 4 Section 4 Change of Technical Intern Training Plan (Article 11 of the Technical Intern Training Law) Table Classification of Change Certification and Notification of Technical Intern Training Plan
  • Employment contract and employment conditions (Reference Form No. 1-14) (related to Article 8, Item 13 of the Regulations)
  • Instructions on remuneration, accommodation facilities, and collection costs for technical intern trainees (Reference Form No. 1-16)

For details please visit this link

https://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/seisakunitsuite/bunya/koyou_roudou/jinzaikaihatsu/global_cooperation/01.html

—————-

April 16, 2024

The Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (MHLW) published new materials for subsidies such as equivalence support in 2020.

For details, please visit this link

SUMARY
Materials include information on subsidies for compatibility support; Guide to applying for subsidies for compatibility support; Payment guidelines; Application form (paper and digital)

The changes from the 6th year of Reiwa are as follows:

  • Birth compatibility support course (child-rearing dad support subsidy) [expanded]
    • Expanded number of male childcare leave workers
    • Increased rate of taking childcare leave for men, 
  • Support course for flexible work style selection system [newly established]
    • Introduction of multiple flexible work style choice systems, etc.
    • Based on the “Flexible Work Style Support Plan for Childcare”, we will disseminate the policy of supporting the smooth use of the system and career development after use.
    • Conduct interviews with system users and record them in the “meeting sheet”
    • Based on the results of the interview, we created a “flexible work style support plan related to childcare” for system users
    • Use a system that enables flexible working styles in 6 months from the start to above the prescribed standards
  • Flexible work style selection system, etc.
    • Change of start and end time, etc. (flextime system staggered attendance system)
    • Telework for childcare, etc.
    • Short working hours system
    • Childcare service arrangement and cost subsidy system
    • Paid leave for child rearing (vacation system to facilitate child rearing, child nursing leave system that exceeds the law)
  • Amount of subsidy
    • Two flexible work style choice systems have been introduced, and the target workers will use the system: 200,000 yen
    • Three or more flexible work style selection systems are introduced, and the target workers use the system: 250,000 yen
  • Childcare leave and other support course (support after returning to work) [abolition]
  • Nursing care turnover prevention support course (special case for responding to the new coronavirus infection), childcare leave, etc. support course (special case for responding to the new coronavirus infection) [End]

For details, please visit this link

https://www.mhlw.go.jp/stf/shingi2/nenkin_20240416.html

April 11, “Fix-rate tax reduction Q&A for income tax for 2020 6 years 2020 revised version” was published on the National Tax Agency’s fixed-rate tax reduction special site.

The special and limited-time (July-December 2024) fixed-rate-tax rate reduction, to relieve the burden of high inflation on Japanese citizens, is one of the most talked-about tax issues recently. All employers must be prepared to calculate and implement the reduced taxes per the guidelines.

The details and guidelines for calculations and payroll handling can be found here:

Fixed tax reduction for the sixth year of Reiwa, revised version for April 2020
Integrated measures for benefits and flat-rate tax reduction for the new economy

April 10, 2024. Revisions to the My Number Act, etc. to be enforced from May 27, 2024.

Employers, employees and persons ij general need to be aware of these revisions since, as we should all know by now, the My Number Card is rapidly becoming a central component of the management of all relevant persona data controlled by the government.

April 9. Revisions regarding “Handling of so-called telecommuting allowance in the calculation of extra wages” affect employees’ taxable income.

The MHLW states that “Any of the telecommuting allowance can be excluded from the calculation basics of extra wages as compensation for reasonable and objectively calculated actual expenses, etc. Given “the idea of actual expenses compensation” and “how to calculate actual expenses compensation”, if it is paid as compensation for the actual expenses necessary for business management, under Article 11 of the Labor Standards Act. It is said that it is not necessary to consider this as extra wages

For the details on the revisions, some of which impact those moving out of Japan, the required registration by various Professional, and more, please visit the following:

The Cabinet has decided on a Cabinet Order to determine the implementation date of the Amendment Act to the My Number Act, etc.
Liaison meeting of relevant ministries and agencies on the promotion of the spread and use of the Individual Number Card (6th)
A draft law to partially amend the law on the use of numbers to identify specific individuals in administrative procedures

April 3. Updated “Year-end Adjustment Calculation Sheet (for Reiwa 6)” and “Deduction Results Book” on the special site for fixed-rate tax reduction.

The source NTA material is found here.

With the revision of the tax system in 2024, a special deduction (flat-rate tax reduction) for income tax for 2020 will be implemented.

The “Year-end Adjustment Calculation Sheet (for 2020)” and “Deduction Results Book for Each Person” updated on the National Tax Agency’s fixed-rate tax reduction special site were published. This is a sheet that allows you to efficiently calculate the tax amount of the year-end adjustment of the salary earner (employee) by entering the total salary of the salary earner (employee) and the number of dependents to be deducted.

April 1. Updated Career Advancement, Employment Adjustment and other  Subsidies – Verse Resources Article

Various materials related to the 2024/ Reiwa 6 subsidy and grant programs have been released by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. Updated Career Advancement Grants and Subsidies, etc., and more detailed versions are published. 

  • Information on career advancement grants (2024 version)
  • Career advancement grant Q&A (2024 6th edition)
  • Information on career advancement subsidies

There are various MHLW portal sites for employer and worker-related grants and subsidies for career advancement, employment-related – subsidies, etc. 

These source sites may be helpful:

The source MHLW Career Advancement website is here

The source Employment Adjustment Subsidy website is here

The source for all Incentive and Subsidy Programs is here

Bookmark this page for 2024 Labour & Social Welfare Updates